The Treaty of Finsbury Park 2025

text Cade Diehm Ruth Catlow

date 10 April 2020

In 2020, NASA prepares a mission to colonise Mars. Alone in the expanse, the desire to set sail into the void is understandable for a frightened globe. A planetary health check reveals the terrible reality: countless lost species and one million additionally at risk of extinction, their erasure a direct result of relentless human activity. Five years later, an inter-species diplomatic mission convenes to negotiate a mutually assured agreement to reclaim the battered living, mechanical and digital systems for mutual care and respect.

In partnership with

Furtherfield Logo

The Treaty of Finsbury Park 2025 is a future event in which a multi-species delegation negotiates an unprecedented mutual agreement on behalf of all organisms in the face of an unprecedented threat. It is conceived as part of Furtherfield’s Citizen Sci-Fi program, and . At Summer Solstice 2021, we will play a game with various characters to imagine Finsbury Park as the site of revolution across urban green space. This will be played as a Live Action Role Play (LARP).

The Treaty of Finsbury Park 2025 was postponed by a year in early 2020 following the catastrophic COVID–19 pandemic

At its core is a central provocation: humans live in highly curated isolation, alienated from a planet teeming with life, by the imperialist systems of domination that we have created to control it. Rather than nurturing kinship with the vibrant ecologies of creatures in our own world, we try to cure this loneliness by seeking companionship from our machines or look far beyond our own realms for signs of life.


The Love Machines LARP in Finsbury Park seizes upon and exploits the contradictions of machine-induced isolation and disconnection. It explores these themes whilst centring itself around its players, who are immersed and embedded in urban green space. It re-programmes the rituals of imperialism in order to renegotiate terms for a new society of creatures. The Treaty of Finsbury Park 2025 is an equal part serious/critical/playful/humorous event that interrogates and subverts the practices and protocols of a state visit. 

The Love Machines LARP reframes Finsbury Park as a city state within a city state itself, and employs both statist power rituals (such as closed-door negotiations, state dinners and ceremony) and hyper-technological process (application programming interfaces, network topologies, complexification, etc) to provoke new perspectives on green ecologies and how we perceive them. The result is twofold:

  1. A vivid participatory exploration of the role of ritualistic power, performed within the park, drawn from current and historical contexts and meticulously documented and filtered through a highly controlled public relations effort; and
  2. A set of collective work by “visiting dignitaries” that interprets the ecology as a network — a complicated state with extensive human generated documentation and systems of infrastructure of its own, and ultimately explores the role of colonial power in contributing to the urgent ecological precarity of today.

Love Machines recognises the ecologies of urban green space as a political actor – one at heightened risk and with a shattered sense of autonomy. At this precipice of ecological collapse, Love Machines seeks to derive a deeper, more personal understanding of the systems of autonomy and manifest destiny inherent in this networked ecology and advocate for it by drawing on the powerful but problematic tools employed by the states that can consolidate power.

In parallel, we must not force creatures to speak to us on our terms. Rather, we must learn new ways to listen and cohabit with the urban green ecology. We must allow relations to bloom through language, touch and a newfound intimacy, and commit to the evolution of cooperation across difference.

Ecologies as Networks. Machines as Ecologies

Homosapiens lead a remarkably lonely existence. For centuries, we have sought companionship in the domination or domestication of other species — both primitive examples of our desire to define the terms of how we interact with the world. Beyond cultivating these non-negotiable relationships, we dream of companionship, and seek it from afar, both through the machines built by our hands and

The “WOW!” signal, captured by radio telescope by researchers in 1977, is widely interpreted to represent a deliberate and cohesive signal sent to Earth despite no additional evidence.

Although we have so far failed with the sky, we have made greater but flawed progress dictating the terms of companionship to machines. Our work here is twofold: we build tools to see and listen to more of our environment, and we fabricate networks and interfaces to communicate and emulate. It is significant that much of our collective work on building electronic intelligence is funded by military, distribution or advertising efforts. In one absurd example,

The race to architect companionship via machine-powered communication is just as lonely. For all of the work on artificial intelligence, the outcomes are built from interface paradigms that have existed since the 1960s. What is a WhatsApp-powered interaction with a corporation, if not a human powered version of ? We seek artificial companionship whilst disregarding the ecologies in our own world. 

Within fragmented technocultures, our own social companionship is found in the intersection between roleplay and the painful realities of our social hierarchies and the natural world. The evidence of this is all around us; , the , performative social networks like VRChat and open roleplay gaming. The painstaking digitral recreations of and alien worlds.

A screenshot of a 3D shiba in FacerigA screenshot of Far Cry 5, overlooking a forest. The main player character wields a shotgunTwo catgirl avatars in VRChat to Acquire Twitch

Amazon PR

August 2014

VRChat and immersive open world environments have poorly understood political and cultural significance. See Our Artificial Wilderness: Virtual Beauty and Ecological Decay

Cade Diehm & River Goblin

The New Design Congress, 2020.

Urban Governance and Non-Human Real Estate

The act of ‘othering’ non-human entities and enforcing this through violence is not universal, but does exist in pre-modern societies.

Since the Industrial Revolution, all other organisms have existed at the absolute behest of a hierarchy organised entirely for the benefit of humans, and forced to cope with a variety of increasingly extreme challenges. We negotiate terms of co-existence with other planetary species and ecosystems by employing ever more complex systems of technological control.

In urban green landscapes, the species that occupy them maintain an uneasy truce with an environment terraformed by their human neighbours as dictated by particular . In many cases, these are not agricultural. Rather, these spaces are designated leisure and health facilities for the populations of working “poor.” They are created by industrialisation and their legacies are cultivated to manage human conflicts and antagonisms - to act as political overflow pipes. Urban green ecologies are valued and justified primarily as arenas for social leisure and conflict for human societies.

Small urban parks and resilience theory: how to link human patterns and ecological functions for urban sustainability.

Zanariah Jasmani, Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management, University of Copenhagen

10 June 2013

Examples of the codified understanding of designed urban ecologies are numerous, like New York City's Central Park: A Research Guide, by Central Park Conservancy.

As such, green ecosystems often take the form of ‘states within states’, without autonomy, administered as semi-‘natural’ holes punched into grey concrete grids. Forced to self manage, and sometimes with outside administration, these ecosystems are by their definition under siege. Whether incidental cohabitation spaces within broader hostile environments or designed as ‘’, the whip hand of antiquated human dictates govern the terms for existence for the organisms that occupy this space.

Regardless of the capitalist terms under which these ecologies exist, they comprise vast worlds unseen (or feared) by human populations where nodes and inhabitants exist both in defiance of concrete and motorcar, but also as vibrant networks of resilience and mutual support.

Humans as the Incurious Monolinguist

A selection of words understood by Koko (1971–2018), a Western gorilla known internationally for her ability to communicate via American Sign Language, and her pet keeping.

Zoologists and animal psychologists who have dedicated their working lives to cross-species communication have traditionally existed as a sort of scientific curiosity to the wider world. The same is true of creatures that overly signal their attempt to communicate with us. Animals like , are both rare curiosities and clumsy examples. While it remains a breathtaking feat to teach a gorilla American Sign Language, these interactions typically require the non-human to acquiesce towards the human.

For example, framing the intelligence of New Caledonian crows via casual relationships theory, as seen in Using the Aesop’s Fable Paradigm to Investigate Causal Understanding of Water Displacement by New Caledonian Crows, Sarah A. Jelbert et al. PLOS One, March 2014.

In 2019, Virginia Tech researchers published a . Through decoding “waggle dances,” the team could sustain efforts to support and understand these insects and their preferences for foraging and their understanding of landscapes. Unlike Koko, this represents a rarer effort; allowing another species to (unwittingly) .

Do Elephants Have Souls?

Caitrin Keiper, The New Atlantis

Winter 2013

Beyond bees and gorillas, the , community and feeling culminates in a deliberate dismissal of the polyphonic world around us. In denying the same intellectual and emotional affordances we grant ourselves to our planetary cohabitants, . While we violently reappropriate habitats, . While we search for beings with qualities such as autonomy, empathy and intelligence in space and attempt to build them ourselves, the beyond-human living world is a vibrant social infrastructure network

, but today it is pervasive. Monolingualism is embedded across societies, regardless of economic or political affiliation and often the most extreme examples are forged in communion with intuitions of landscape and organisms, through appallingly stunted interpretations of them by colonial thinkers. Examples of such thinking are numerous in all cases of colonial contact with “untamed savages” in “undiscovered wildernesses”, but a visceral example can be found in the discovery of the land that would later become Melbourne, Australia by European colonialists, as retold by Bruce Pascoe:

Australia: Temper and Bias

Bruce Pascoe, Meanjin

Spring 2018

The attribution of Indigenous agricultural processes to the work of a white God is a perfectly encapsulated example of the poisoned belief systems that led to, amongst many other crimes, a system of organising landscapes and economies in which a key consequence was accelerating eco-genocide. Equally important is how this same worldview now poisons mobilisation in response to this self-inflicted threat. Much like Batey and Mitchell’s delusional personal gift from God, it is beyond dishonest to describe the symbolic act of a Western government recognising ecological collapse in 2019 as a ‘world first,’ given that representatives of vulnerable states have mobilised for decades against parasitic imperialism, often losing their lives in the process. In times of immediate crisis, such as the COVID—19 worldwide pandemic, colonialist intellectualism and policy ignores at our collective peril these Indigenous perspectives that have argued that we must treat the world as an interconnected, living organism with supreme complexity, fragile resilience and indeed, mystique.

COVID-19: on the epistemic condition

Xiang Zairong, openDemocracy

6 April 2020

Performative Power Rituals as Instigators of Change

In 1259 BC, the . This document is significant, as it represents the earliest example of an international peace treaty between enemy human states, a ritualistic document produced by two deeply ritualistic cultures.

All human societies have . Of its many available performative tools, state power often elects elaborate dinners as a ritualistic setting for exploration, negotiation and agreement. Oftentimes forged behind closed doors, participants emerge victorious for a .

Emotion, Ritual and Power in Europe, 1200–1920

Merridee L. Bailey, Katie Barclay et al., Palgrave Macmillan

Beyond the table: The Politics of Eating

Columbia University

April 2018

State aesthetics and theatrics impart narrative and gravity to political events, conveying power and wealth to all observers. Employing a universal language overcoming complex inter-cultural barriers, their curation and execution themselves can be highly complex and political acts. 

Invitation for the State Dinner on the Occasion of the Signing of the Egyptian-Israeli Peace Treaty

Records of the First Lady's Office, The Carter Administration

26 March 1979

. But the power of ritualistic decision-making remains an under-utilised resource for those on the left looking to establish power. In our modern connected urban societies, ineffective alternatives (such as online organisation) have arguably restricted the ability for political instigation to morph into cohesive narrative and action.

Politische Mahlzeiten

Regina F. Bendix, Michaela Fenske (Hg.), Wissenschaftsforum Kulinaristik

Ritual, Play and Belief, in Evolution and Early Human Societies

Colin Renfrew, Iain Morley, Michael Boyd, et al., Cambridge University Press

December 2017

"The Signing Ceremony”, by Sajan Rai, 2020.

Eyewitness account on the eve of the signing of the Treaty of Finsbury Park, 2025

The 1969 “Treaty on Treaties” - the basis of international law for five decades, enforced, monitored and sanctioned by human and technical military might - is now outmoded. Instead, it is viewed as barbaric for the intense isolation and alienation it gave rise to in human society and for the way it enabled systems that ruthlessly brought planetary life to the brink of annihilation.

The colloquial name for the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties.

The is now widely adopted by the vast majority of federated and nested assemblies world wide - this is the new politics - one which has incentivised the rapid adoption of multilingual and inter-special negotiation techniques and agreements. It is the global convention for negotiations involving complex living systems in contested temporal territories (called “Placetimes”); this elevates humans to the level of insight and enlightenment of other species creating a levelled political field for all organisms.

The origins of the Love Machines Protocol and the history between 2020–2025 that necessitated it remain the subject of intense debate


We live in increasing isolation, alienated from a planet teeming with life by the imperialist systems of domination that we have created to control it. Rather than nurturing kinship with the vibrant ecologies of creatures in our own world we try to cure this loneliness by seeking companionship from our machines or look far beyond our own realms for signs of life.

The Love Machines Live Action Role Play (LARP) reprogrammes the rituals of imperialism in order to renegotiate terms for a new human and non-human society in Finsbury Park. A visiting delegation of artists, armed with park blueprints and documentation, bylaws, data-sources and policies, work with local delegates who present testimony from the many lives of the urban green space. All manner of Finsbury Park life forms and systems are given a place at the table - from creatures deep underground, to the methods of management that sit underneath people's experiences of the park. Artist visitors will meet with each group and find new ways to talk to them. A 3 day deliberation about the mutual interests of the lives of this ecology culminates with new commitments to the “Love Machines Protocol”, made and formalised with a Treaty signing at the 2021 Summer Solstice. 

The resulting commitments are assembled as a sort of Application Programme Interface (API), a carefully designed set of empathetic electronic and biological behaviours and interactions, enabling future users to operate the park as a love machine in the higher interest of all living entities and systems. 

These are then presented as part of the 2021 Citizen Sci-Fi exhibition at Furtherfield gallery and online, a sincere demand to reconsider the self-isolation and othering of humans against the rest of the planet, made urgent by the ongoing ecological collapse. 

The Protocol

The Love Machines Protocol is invoked by self-forming multispecies assemblies in moments of significant harm, suffering or peril. In order to invoke the protocol they must define the physical boundaries, declare a new “Placetime” and  appoint skilled envoys to communicate their multiple interests. They issue an invitation to a nomadic collective of and contemporary but incomplete experts from the Artists’ State, a delegation from the outside world.

Placetime envoys are joined by a delegation from the Artists' State for negotiations. They are sealed off (in buildings on the disputed site) from the natural environment, communication networks, and electromagnetic fields for 2 days during daylight hours.

While cloistered, they undertake a series of rituals, informatics and creative processes (learned from machine and living systems) to create a for the living and built ecologies the Placetime. In this way they develop a shared vision of needs, natures and mutual potentialities and a nuanced understanding of the traits of the Placetime.

Drawing inspiration from Brett Victor et al. Dynamicland, ongoing.

Together they compose a Treaty underpinned by an API signed by all participants that enables future users to operate the park as a Love Machine in the higher interest of all living entities of the new Finsbury Park Placetime.

Sites of Engagement

This public park in the London neighbourhood of Harringay was established in the Victorian era. Now this urban green space like all across the world - occupied by diverse life-forms, communities, communication and information systems - and should be recognised as an occupied state at heightened risk. The Treaty signing event will take place somewhere across its grassy fields and it will be the first Treaty of its kind.

A digitally corrupted photo of Finsbury Park, London.

For 3 days the community space and its surrounding gardens are repurposed as a “interspecies seeing room” for the living and built ecologies of the park. Reproducing the conditions of machine-induced isolation and disconnection, though immersed and embedded in urban green space, participants will be disconnected from all natural and communication systems during daylight hours. 

A digitally corrupted photo of the front of Furtherfield Commons, Finsbury Park, London.

Based in the heart of Finsbury Park in 2021 Furtherfield Gallery hosted the Love Machines exhibition during the second year of its 3-year Citizen Sci-Fi programme. This combines citizen science and citizen journalism by crowdsourcing the imagination of local park users and community groups to create new visions and models of stewardship for public, urban green space. Visitors to this exhibition are invited to contribute to the formation of the Finsbury Park Treaty, a series of interactions that would eventually see the park realised as a Love Machine.

A digitally corrupted photo of the front of Furtherfield Gallery, Finsbury Park, London.

Cade Diehm

with Ruth Catlow

Spring 2020

Edited by River Goblin.

With luck, The Treaty of Finsbury Park 2025 exhibition is planned for Summer 2021.